CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of over 100 compounds found in the cannabis plant. It belongs to a class of molecules we refer to as cannabinoids. THC and CBD are the most common cannabinoids we hear about becuase they are found in the highest concentrations. The levels of THC and CBD vary among the different strains. Cannabis grown for recreational purposes for example tends to have a higher concentration of THC. THC is what produces that psychoactive “high” , euphoric effect. CBD on the other hand is non-psychoactive and does not produce the euphoria of feeling “high”, b/c it does not act on the same pathways as THC (the pathways are referred to as CB1 receptors). Both THC and CBD have a host of medicinal benefits, but CBD especially shines for certain disorders and diseases. For example, CBD has been shown to be an excellent neural protector, it suppress seizures, reduces inflammation, reduces anxiety and even fights cancer cells and tumors. CBD also seems to reduce the intoxicating effects of THC in certain dose levels.
We should not be thinking about CBD in isolation. While THC and CBD have gotten the most attention, studies suggest that the many compounds in cannabis are working together to produce a synergy of effects, which we refer to as “the entourage effect. There’s a lot we don’t know about how the plant works, but we do know that some compounds are travelers for others, some activate one another and in some cases increases the effectiveness of the others. Our studies as well as other studies out there have shows that certain compounds needs to be present in proper ratios in order for it
to be most effective. In many cases we have found that having a certain amount of THC present is needed for effectiveness. For example, we have a 40:1 ratio of CBD to THC (extremely low level of THC), but we have found it is not as effective as our 20:1, which has more THC in it, in dealing with certain cases of epilepsy. There is something to the whole plant including the sub-cannabinoids, specifically the terpenes that make this plant most effective for certain conditions and we just don’t enough yet to determine exactly what relationship that is.